Factors that Lead to Gum Disease

Many adults are diagnosed with periodontal or gum disease. This dental problem can start with a simple inflammation of the gum which can eventually lead to a more serious matter. diagnose and treat your gum problem.

Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial infection directly affecting the tissue or gums that support our teeth. Our mouth is a breeding ground for bacteria. There are many elements that cause bacteria but mainly it comes from the food we eat and the remnants in our mouth.

These bacteria along with other particles in our mouth gradually form a plaque on your teeth. Once plaque is left uncleaned, they start to form as tartar. Brushing your teeth and flossing may remove plaque, but tartar can only be eliminated through professional cleaning by your dentist SE Calgary.


Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Once plaque and tartar continue to build up in our teeth, they become damaging to our gums. This eventually causes inflammation in our gums also known as gingivitis. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease which causes our gums to become red and swollen. Therefore, it is more sensitive and prone to bleed easily.

Gingivitis can be treated by brushing your teeth and flossing regularly, plus with the help of a professional dental cleaning. In conditions where gingivitis is also left untreated, it can develop into periodontitis which refers to the inflammation around the tooth. This disease tends to pull away gums from the teeth and the spaces form in between become infected.

The plaque and tartar surrounding the gum line infect the bones and connective tissues that naturally hold the teeth in place. Eventually, it destroys these bones and tissues which lead to tooth loss. As the teeth loosens in its place, it must be extracted by the dentist to prevent further infection and damage.

Some teenagers can develop gingivitis while periodontitis is more prone to adults between the ages of thirty to forty. Based on studies, men are more susceptible to periodontitis than women.


Signs of Gum Disease

So how do you know if you already have symptoms of gum disease? Some factors to consider are having red, swollen or bleeding gums or perhaps a receding gum.  Another form of symptom is when you experience pain whenever you chew.

A sensitive and loose teeth may also be a contributing factor. Plus, having a chronic bad breath may indicate a pre-existing dental problem.

Once you have any of the signs above, then the next best course of action is to have it diagnosed by your dentist SE Calgary clinic. Discuss your dental history so that your dentist can properly advise you on the next step.

In some cases, your medical history can determine underlying factors that may contribute to your existing condition. Your dentist will be able to identify if you have a bone loss by taking x-rays of your teeth. Some conditions that are more serious may require a consultation with a periodontist.

There are different ways to treat gum problems depending on how serious it is. There are home treatments, deep cleaning, and medications that can be prescribed by your dentist. In situations where your gum disease has progressed to a more serious state, a surgery may be needed for treatment.


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